Jack Russell Terrier Coats: JRTs have three (3) types of coats, Smooth, Broken, and Rough.
Smooth Coat: This type of coat is short, smooth, and flat. It is the most common coat type for Jack Russells. The smooth coat is easy to maintain and doesn't require much grooming. However, smooth-coat dogs may shed more than other coat types.
Broken Coat: This coat type is a mix of smooth and rough coats. The hair is longer than a smooth coat but shorter than a rough coat. Broken coats have a combination of straight and wavy hair, giving them a tousled appearance. They require moderate grooming, including occasional trimming and brushing.
Rough Coat: The rough coat is the longest and thickest of the three coat types. The hair is wiry and can be either straight or slightly wavy. The rough coat requires the most grooming, including regular brushing and occasional trimming. It's also the most weather-resistant of the coat types, making it ideal for outdoor activities in colder weather.
It's worth noting that some Jack Russell Terriers may have a mix of coat types, such as a smooth and broken coat, or a rough and broken coat. Also worth noting, your puppy’s coat may change within the first year. It's difficult to know for sure what type of coat your Jack Russell Terrier puppy will have as it can vary from litter to litter, and even within the same litter.
However, here are some signs to look for that can give you a clue:
The Puppy’s PARENTS: If both parents have the same type of coat, there is a good chance that their offspring will have a similar coat. However, if the parents have different coat types, the puppies could have any combination of the two.
The Puppy's FUR: You can get an approximate idea of your puppy's coat type simply by looking at its fur.